is a message from my sponsors/wards
Sometimes those who seem in the lead turn
out to be lagging behind many a lap in them damn (I
mean our long longings filled start to fit
a finish on) races.
Date: Mon, 6 Dec 1999 13:01:41 -0500 (EST) From: "Amanaka'a Amazon Network" http://amanakaa.org/ via grain.org (genetic resources...) <email@example.com>Subject: Urgent request from Indigenous Peoples' Caucus in Seattle To: firstname.lastname@example.org Reply To: email@example.com Begin Forwarded Message --------Date: Fri, 03 Dec 1999 16:36:03 +0800 ________________________________________________________
TITLE: Indigenous Peoples' Seattle Declaration AUTHOR: Indigenous Peoples' Caucus at the WTO Third MinisterialConference (Seattle, 30 December - 3 November 1999) DATE: 1 December 1999 NOTE: If you support the proposals of the Indigenous Peoples' Caucus inSeattle, kindly email your name and address to firstname.lastname@example.org@igc.apc.org as soon as possible.
Indigenous Peoples from various regions of the world, have come to express
our great concern over how the World Trade Organization is destroying Mother
Earth and the cultural and biological diversity of which we are a part.
liberalization and export-oriented development, which are the overriding
principles and policies pushed by the WTO, are creating the most adverse
impacts on the lives of Indigenous Peoples. Our inherent right to
self-determination, our sovereignty as nations, and treaties and other
constructive agreements which Indigenous nations and Peoples have negotiated
with other nation-states, are undermined by most of the WTO Agreements.
The disproportionate impact of these Agreements on our communities, whether
through environmental degradation or the militarization and violence that
often accompanies development projects, is serious and therefore should
be addressed immediately.
The WTO Agreement on Agriculture
(AOA), which promotes export competition and
import liberalization, has allowed the entry of cheap agriculturalproducts
into our communities. It is causing the destruction ofecologically
rational and sustainable agricultural practices of Indigenous
farm production is giving way to commercial cash-cropplantations further
concentrating ancestral lands into the hands of fewagri-corporations and
landlords. This has led to the dislocation of scores
of people from our communities who
then migrate to nearby cities and becomethe urban homeless and jobless.
and the production of traditional food crops have beenseriously compromised.
Incidents of diabetes, cancers, and hypertensionhave significantly increased
among indigenous Peoples because of thescarcity of traditional foods and
the dumping of junk food into ourcommunities.
The WTO Forests Products
Agreement promotes free trade in forest products.By eliminating developed
country tariffs on wood products by the year 2000,and developing country
tariffs by 2003, the Agreement will result in thedeforestation of many
of the world's ecosystems in which Indigenous Peoples live.
laws in many countries are being changed to allow free entry offoreign
mining corporations, to enable them to buy and own mineral lands,and to
freely displace Indigenous Peoples from their ancestral territories.These
large-scale commercial mining and oil extraction activities continue
to degrade our lands and fragile ecosystems,
and pollute the soil, water,and air in our communities.
of our lands and resources and the aggressive promotion ofconsumerist and
individualistic Western culture continue to destroy traditional
lifestyles and cultures. The result is not only environmentaldegradation
but also ill health, alienation, and high levels of stressmanifested in
high rates of alcoholism and suicides.
theft and patenting of our biogenetic resources is facilitated by theTRIPs
(Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) of the WTO.Some
plants which Indigenous Peoples have discovered, cultivated, and used
for food, medicine, and for sacred rituals are already
patented in theUnited States, Japan, and Europe. A few examples of
these are ayahuasca, quinoa, and sangre de
drago in forests of South America; kava in thePacific; turmeric and bitter
melon in Asia. Our access and control over ourbiological diversity
and control over our traditional knowledge and intellectual
heritage are threatened by the TRIPs Agreement.
Article 27.3b of the TRIPs Agreement allows
the patenting of life-forms and makes an artificial distinction between
plants, animals, and micro-organisms.
The distinction between "essentially biological"
and"non-biological" and "microbiological" processes is also erroneous.
As far as we are concerned all these are life-forms and life-creating processes
which are sacred and which should not become the subject of private property
the liberalization of investments and the service sectors, which ispushed
by the General Agreement of Services (GATS), reinforces the domination
and monopoly control of foreign corporations over strategic partsof the
economy. The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund imposeconditionalities
of liberalization, deregulation and privatization oncountries caught in
the debt trap. These conditionalities are reinforcedfurther by the
WTO. In light
of the adverse impacts and consequences of the WTO Agreements identified
above, we, Indigenous Peoples present the following demands:We urgently
call for a social and environmental justice analysis which willlook into
the Agreements' cumulative effects on Indigenous Peoples. Indigenous
Peoples should be equal participants in establishing the criteria and
indicators for these analyses so that they take into considerationspiritual
as well as cultural aspects.
review of the Agreements should be done to address all of the inequitiesand
imbalances which adversely affect Indigenous Peoples. The proposals toaddress
some of these are as follows;
For the Agreement on Agriculture
should not include in its coverage small-scale farmers who are mainlyengaged
in production for domestic use and sale in the local markets.
should ensure the recognition and protection of rights of IndigenousPeoples
to their territories and their resources, as well as their rights tocontinue
practicing their indigenous sustainable agriculture and resourcemanagement
practices and traditional livelihoods.
should ensure the food security and the capacity of Indigenous Peoplesto
produce, consume and trade their traditional foods.
With regard to the liberalization of services and investments werecommend
the following: a.
It must stop unsustainable mining, commercial planting of monocrops, damconstruction,
oil exploration, land conversion to golf clubs, logging, andother
activities which destroy Indigenous Peoples' lands and violate therights
of indigenous peoples' to their territories and resources.
right of Indigenous Peoples to their traditional lifestyles, culturalnorms
and values should likewise be recognized and protected.
liberalization of services, especially in the areas of health, shouldnot
be allowed if it will prevent Indigenous Peoples from having access tofree,
culturally appropriate as well as quality health services.
liberalization of finance services which makes the world a globalcasino
should be regulated.
(3) On the
TRIPs Agreement, the proposals are as follows:
Article 27.3b should be amended to categorically disallow the patentingof
life-forms. It should clearly prohibit the patenting of micro-organisms,plants,
animals, including all their parts, whether they are genes, genesequences,
cells, cell lines, proteins, or seeds.
It should also prohibit the patenting of natural processes, whether theseare
biological or microbiological, involving the use of plants, animals andmicro-organisms
and their parts in producing variations of plants, animalsand micro-organisms.
It should ensure the exploration and development of alternative forms ofprotection
outside of the dominant western intellectual property rightsregime.
Such alternatives must protect the knowledge and innovations andpractices
in agriculture, health care, and conservation of biodiversity, andshould
build upon indigenous methods and customary laws protectingknowledge, heritage
and biological resources. d.
It should ensure that the protection offered to indigenous andtraditional
knowledge, innovation and practices is consistent with theConvention on
Biological Diversity (i.e., Articles 8j, 10c, 17.2, and 18.4)and the International
Undertaking on Plant Genetic Resources.
It should allow for the right of Indigenous Peoples and farmers tocontinue
their traditional practices of saving, sharing and exchangingseeds, and
cultivating, harvesting and using medicinal plants.
It should prohibit scientific researchers and corporations fromappropriating
and patenting indigenous seeds, medicinal plants, and relatedknowledge
about these life-forms. The principles of prior informed consentand
right of veto by Indigenous Peoples should be respected.
If the earlier proposals cannot be ensured, we call for the removal of
on Agriculture, the Forest Products Agreements and the TRIPsAgreement from
We call on
the member-states of the WTO not to allow for another roundwhilst the review
and rectification of the implementation of existingagreements has not been
done. We reject the proposals for an investment treaty,
competition, accelerated industrial tariffs, governmentprocurement,
and the creation of a working group on biotechnology.
We urge the WTO to reform itself to
become democratic, transparent and accountable.
If it fails to do this we call for the abolition of the WTO.
We urge the member
nation-states of the WTO to endorse the adoption by the UN
General Assembly of the current text of the UN Declaration on the Rightsof
Indigenous Peoples and the ratification of ILO Convention l69.
We call on the
peoples' organizations and NGOs to support this "IndigenousPeoples'
Seattle Declaration" and to promote it among their members.
We believe that
the whole philosophy underpinning the WTO Agreements and theprinciples
and policies it promotes contradict our core values, spiritualityand worldviews,
as well as our concepts and practices of development, tradeand environmental
protection. Therefore, we challenge the WTO to redefine
its principles and practices toward
a "sustainable communities" paradigm,and to recognize and allow for the
continuation of other worldviews andmodels of development.
peoples, undoubtedly, are the ones most adversely affected byglobalization
and by the WTO Agreements. However, we believe that it is alsous who can
offer viable alternatives to the dominant economic growth,export-oriented
development model. Our sustainable lifestyles and cultures, traditional
knowledge, cosmologies, spirituality, values of collectivity,reciprocity,
respect and reverence for Mother Earth, are crucial in thesearch for a
transformed society where justice, equity, and sustainabilitywill prevail.
Statement by the Indigenous
Peoples' Caucus convened and sponsored by the Indigenous Environmental
Network USA/CANADA, Seventh Generation Fund USA, International Indian Treaty
Council, Indigenous Peoples Council on Biocolonialism, the Abya Yala Fund,
and TEBTEBBA (Indigenous Peoples' Network
for Policy Research and Education), 1 December 1999, Seattle, Washington,
peoples' organizations, NGOs and individuals who wish to
sign on to
this statement, send email to email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org.
ABOUT GRAIN -- For general information about GRAIN, kindly visit
our website http://www.grain.org or write us at <email@example.com>.
----------------------------- End -----------------------------
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alphabetical index with dates and sizes for 122 files, a third of which
are written by ghosted (yes, unfortunately deceased dead) guests. They
amount to 10Mb of which another third are gifs). The link above is my simplest
siteguide-gait-navigaidgoad. Welcome home.
PS: if you like this particular (background/text colour combo/texture and) make up, go to metafilter.com, a very interactive log (which once found I happened to recognize instantly, at least colourwize ((as my own latest creation or ride on somebody's psychic generosity maybe))) where anybody may post (I think) and all can comment (becoming a number). Caution though, it keeps crashing my apportioning pet Netscape. I now favor this colourconstellation:******* ****** ********** ********* ******** ******* **and this is how it looks in Arial Black 10 point, scuse me, 12:
"Study without action is futile - action without study is fatal."
AAUW American Association of University Women
PS from an anarchist library list-digest: It was funny watching
how the media presented the Battle of Seattle ("violent
protests" was the mantra), and while a McDonald's and a Starbucks
had their windows broken, the truth was that 99% of the participants destroyed
no property and took great pains to treat the city of Seattle with endearing
respect. Seattle is, after all, the only city in
the history of this country to have a general strike
(the entire town refused to show up for work back in 1919).
Mark it down, this last great, important date
of the 20th century -- November 30, 1999 -- The Battle of Seattle, the
day the people got tired of having to work a second job while fighting
off the collection agents and decided it was time the pie was shared with
the people who baked it.
Yours, Michael Moore
We're still looking for someone to run our web site. Someone who can write,
edit, and make the thing look like a million rubles It's
a full time job located in our New York City office. We need someone who,
like us, sees all the subversive, crazy potential of the Internet.
E-mail us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Your eyeful o fool(s)filling Piet comments: scuse
me mister Moore (who mists less and all the
more pitifully little if he doesn't), switch,
lay and slide into to preferably homemade rrubballs; check my intro_to_currency_issues.htm
This file was briefly the opening one temporarily displacing the my index. It began: I, if not suspend, at least postpone your reaching (links at the bottom of this file for) it by interposing this here crosspost.